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Challenges Facing Green Energy

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Frequently Asked Questions

Why haven't you built a small proof of concept device?
The science behind IE's technology has been proven by mathematical equation and by experimental result. (See Experimental Verification page) Our short term goal is to build an advanced proof of concept device to increase the result, quantify this result and enable independent verification.

This sounds like it violates the laws of thermodynamics (also known as conservation of energy)?
This technology does not. Our technology does not violate the law of conservation of energy because it has a balanced conservation of energy equation.

The laws of thermodynamics are valid, however our process is not thermodynamic (heat converted into motion) and therefore the law that is specifically written to apply to systems using heat is not necessarily applicable. The laws of thermodynamics that apply to electricity flow and motion do apply. Our tech does not operate in closed system and we are not using changes in temperature, pressure, and volume in any aspect of our process. See how our tech has a balanced conservation of energy equation here: Conservation of Energy.

(From Wikipedia)

Zeroth law of thermodynamics: If two systems are in thermal equilibrium with a third system, they are in thermal equilibrium with each other. This law helps define the concept of temperature. 

In our technology heat is NOT a contributory component, this is why the Zeroth law is not fully applicable.

First law of thermodynamics: When energy passes, as work, as heat, or with matter, into or out from a system, the system's internal energy changes in accord with the law of conservation of energy. Equivalently, perpetual motion machines of the first kind (machines that produce work with no energy input) are impossible. 

True, but again, heat is not a part of technology and we use energy input to produce work… from two sources: battery and the conversion of the effects of centrifugal force into kinetic motion. Our system has a balanced conservation of energy equation and therefore is not in violation of the 1st law.

Second law of thermodynamics: In a natural thermodynamic process, the sum of the entropies of the interacting thermodynamic systems increases. Equivalently, perpetual motion machines of the second kind (machines that spontaneously convert thermal energy into mechanical work) are impossible.

We are not converting heat into anything… therefore the 2nd law is not fully applicable.

Third law of thermodynamics: The entropy of a system approaches a constant value as the temperature approaches absolute zero.[2] With the exception of non-crystalline solids (glasses) the entropy of a system at absolute zero is typically close to zero, and is equal to the natural logarithm of the product of the quantum ground states.

Our system does not involve heat, therefore 3rd Law is not fully applicable.

It appears you are getting something for nothing?
We are getting something from a new source. Our technology will operate at 95% efficiency with 5% lost and unrecoverable. We are proposing to use the newly discovered method that enables the multiplying effects from centripetal acceleration (creating centrifugal force) to help make the device operate. It has never been used in any technology, in any fashion and is the key to achieving our claims.

How can the effects of centripetal acceleration be multiplied?
Another common way to look at the effects of centripetal acceleration is to think of it in terms of g-forces. 1-G is the gravitational force we normally feel on earth. Astronauts and pilots may have to endure the effects of multiple g-forces. NASA Astronauts and Air Force pilots undergo training in a centrifuge where G-forces can be multiplied to simulate the effects of acceleration during flight. The faster the centrifuge rotates, the more g-forces. Facts: Given a fixed radius; doubling the velocity results in quadrupling the effects of g-forces. To double the velocity it typically requires 4x the energy input. However, we have a newly invented method for efficiently creating centripetal acceleration except to double velocity and create 4x the g-forces; our system only requires 2x the energy input instead of 4x.

This sounds like perpetual motion?  
Our technology is not as it does not meet the criteria for such a device. (See Encyclopedia Britannica's definition of perpetual motion) An example is our tech requires external “fuel” or it will stop operating, in other words our system is NOT a closed, meaning input from the outside is always required. The definition of perpetual motion is that it does not require any external energy input when operating. Our technology can operate on less fuel than other devices and utilizes a large percentage of internal input allowing it to run much longer. By drawing less “fuel” from external sources, it allows inconsistent sources such as solar and wind more than adequate time to recharge the batteries from which it operates.

Using definitions of perpetual motion, our tech does fit into any of the definitions:

PM of 1st kind: our technology does not claim to produce work without input. The input in our technology is very two specific computer controlled sources… energy from a battery and the new ability to convert the effects of centrifugal force into kinetic motion.

PM of 2nd kind: We do not claim to spontaneously convert thermal energy into mechanical work. In fact our claim is that there is a very minimal thermal component.

PM of 3rd kind: Low friction to use mass inertia to maintain motion forever. Although our device does have an aspect of mass inertia, we do not claim to be using mass inertia as the key aspect.

Perpetual motion machines must also operate within a closed system… ie no input from the outside. Our claim is that our tech always requires input from outside the system. (battery)

Characteristics of perpetual motion are NOT used in our technology… many people reach the wrong conclusion because our tech is so much more efficient than most other mechanical devices and utilizes a new internal source of energy, that is not been explored or written about by anyone else.

Why haven't you yet built a fully functional prototype?
Our plan is to computer model a fully functional prototype. Approximately half of the components used within the fully functional P6G already exist and are used in industry today. These components will need minimal customization to work within our system. When someone understands how these technologies work in existing devices, understanding how they would work in ours is not difficult.

The other half of the components do not yet exist and must be designed and engineered to be integrated into a functional unit. The magnitude of this task is similar to the process in the early development of the first gas turbo-fan jet-engine. A comparable amount of precision engineering is required with new system areas never before conceived. Both require precision balanced components able to withstand a high torque and g-force environment. Ours, however, will NOT have to withstand a high-heat environment. Ours also includes advanced computer controlled systems that exceed the simplicity of a turbine engine. Selection of component materials will be unique and critical and CAD software will have to be modified to be based on some new assumptions about the characteristics of centripetal acceleration that are not yet written into off-the-shelf stress analysis CAD software.